Ph.D. SCHOLAR (Ancient indian history) Centre for historical studies Jawaharlal nehru university
In the scholarship on Indian Epigraphy though we find scattered references of inscriptions from numerous Buddhist sites in the western Deccan reflecting upon the society, economy, religious and political conditions of the region in the period of the development of these sites. Still there is dearth of independent study of these Buddhist sites reflecting upon their present condition and their interaction with the people. By focusing on the patronage patterns at Karle I have tried to make an attempt to answer the questions arising in the minds of common people looking at these Buddhist monastic establishments. The practice of ‘Dana’ tradition and the idea of attaining merit seem to be central reason behind the appearance of such structures in this region. Besides these, other factors responsible for their existence have been brought to light in this article.
Usha Rani Deka
Asstt. Professor, Education Deptt. Mangaldai College,Darrang,Assam
Dr. Naba Kumar Kalita
Dept. of Philosophy Associate Prof. and HOD Chhaygaon College
Dr. Debajit Baruah
Assistant Professor Department of Philosophy Rampur Anchalick College, Rampur, Assam
Swami Vivekananda was one of the most outstanding contemporary Indian philosophers. He dedicated his whole life for the upliftment of the downtrodden mass of India. Swami Vivekananda very well understood the social role of religion. As a matter of fact the tools that Vivekananda used to uplift the common masses from poverty, ignorance etc. were religion and education. His concept of religion is that religion is the manifestation of the divinity already in man. This means that man is already divine. This divinity is not restricted to people of any particular religion. As a human being everyone possesses this divinity irrespective of one’s religion, caste, sex etc. This is not a new form of religion. Every existing religion of the world is preaching this ideal from time immemorial. Every religion in this sense is a complement to each other. And this is the religion what Vivekananda called universal religion. Every form of religion is universal in the true sense of the term.
Dr.Ritu Bala and Balwinder kaur Lamba
Department of Social Work Punjabi university Patiala- 147002
Maternal and child health includes the broad meaning of health promotion and prevention, curative and rehabilitative health care for mothers and children. It includes areas such as pregnancy,antenatal period,birth , post natal period. It also includes child health, school health, health of a handicap child, adolescence and all other health aspects of a child. (WHO,1976 ). It includes the physical, mental and social well being of women during pregnancy. Since there is no reliable way to predict which woman will develop pregnancy-related complications, it is essential that all pregnant women have access to high quality obstetric care throughout their pregnancies.Antenatal care is the care of the woman during pregnancy(Saxena, 2017). The primary aim of antenatal care is to achieve a healthy mother and a healthy baby. Ideally this care should begin soon after conception and continue throughout pregnancy (Park, 2015). Thus, adequate antenatal care may prove to be an efficient tool in improving maternal and child health. Different studies have found that inadequate antenatal care has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Avishek Banerjee and Uma Sankar Malik
Department of Geography, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India
The present paper is an attempt to highlight the quality of life (QOL) that exists in the slums of Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC). The paper examines whether the quality of life is same in all the slums or not and a comparison has been made between different slums. Among slums of Kolkata Municipal Corporation 10 slums have been selected for study area. For determining the quality of life in slums, composite index and standard deviation techniques has been used. To calculate the composite index 30 variables have been chosen to determine QOL. The result shows that there are variations in quality of life in the selected slums. So, different development strategy for each category of slum is suggested for their improvement.
Lalji Kumar Kushwaha
Research Scholar, Department of Geography, B.H.U., Varanasi-221005